Today we’re going to look at some of the most common feline health problems that you may encounter at one point or another.
Diabetes in cats occurs when their body shows an incapacity to generate a hormone referred to as insulin, which is responsible for maintaining normal blood sugar levels.
Diabetes is triggered by the inefficiency of the body to use insulin properly, resulting in high blood sugar levels.
Although this disease can affect cats of any age group, obese and older cats are more prone to this condition.
The common symptoms of diabetes in cats include frequent urination due to high blood sugar levels, hair loss, lackluster coat, and lethargy.
The appetite of cat may also increase significantly but the pet fails to maintain or increase weight.
Here is a helpful video about feline diabetes you can watch that will provide more information about it.
FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus)
Some cat health problems are specific to their species and an infection caused by the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus is certainly one of these conditions.
In contrast to human HIV, the FIV is not a sexually transmitted condition. It is caused mostly by bite wounds (especially in animals which live outdoors). FIV primarily targets the cat’s immune system.
Swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, skin diseases, diarrhea, gingivitis, anemia and cancer are just some of the symptoms.
Once the infection enters the bloodstream of an infected animal, it can remain inactive until it gets triggered into a full scale active condition. Proper vaccination and keeping your cat inside effectively prevents the condition.
Vaccinating your cat after 8 weeks of age successfully prevents about 60-80 % of infections. It’s easier to prevent than to treat.
Read Zibo’s Guide to FIV here for lots more info.
Obesity is defined as excessive accumulation of fat in the body. At least 25% of cats are overweight or are likely to become obese. The main causes of obesity are overeating and lack of exercise and movement.
Cats suffering from obesity may experience difficulty in breathing or walking. Fat cats suffer from a greater risk of exposure to many medical conditions including diabetes, liver disease, and the pain associated with walking.
Causes of obesity include:
1. Over Feeding: The most common reasons is giving her more food than necessary. It is suggested that you set up a light diet for the cat.
2. Lack of activity: There may be a possibility that the cat is eating out of boredom. Owners must find ways to play with cats so that they do not get bored.
One solution is to give them a range of exciting games and furniture to climb on. Give cat’s access to as many rooms in the house as possible so that the cat can roam freely.
3. Reliance on commercial food: Commercial dry food has become more common these days and it can cause obesity.
The problem is the fact that the cat requires a high protein food, and most dry foods have carbohydrates as the largest percentage of their components because they are made of grains and their products.
4. Aging: In old age, the slow metabolic rates contribute to obesity.
5. Spaying and Neutering: On neutering genitals in cats, the energy requirements go down drastically
Read our Comprehensive Guide to Feline Obesity here for more info
Feline Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections (UTI) caused by bacterial infection is a common health problem affecting cats. Causes of UTI’s include:
1. Various forms of bacteria including Escherichia, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella and Enterococcus.
2. Bladder cancer, tumours or any other abnormalities such as kidney stones increase the risk of infection.
3. Some researchers are also suggest that dry commercial pet food may be contaminated with bacteria.
Common signs and symptoms include frequent urination, lethargy, hematuria (blood present in urine), weight loss, vomiting, strain when urinating and fatigue.
The urine is often cloudy and foul-smelling. A diagnosis can be made when a vet performs physical tests and a urinalysis. Urinary tract infections are treated using antibiotics but in severe cases, surgery is recommended.
A number of herbal remedies may also be effective in treating UTI such as Uva Ursi, Cranberry, and Berberine.
Thanks for reading, and comment below if you have something to share! May your kitty be healthy always!